one of the most urgent environmental problems in the world today is the shortage of clean water

Milestones of the global water crisis

1700s lớn 1800s: Industrialization led lớn increased urbanization in Europe, highlighting the need for clean water supplies and sanitation.

1800s: Water shortages first appeared in historical records.

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1854: Dr. John Snow discovered the liên kết between water and the spread of cholera during an outbreak in London.

1866: In the United States, there were 136 public water systems; by the turn of the century, there were 3,000.

1900: Since 1900, more kêu ca 11 million people had lost their lives lớn drought, and more kêu ca 2 billion people have been affected.

1972: The U.S. Clean Water Act updated 1948 legislation lớn control water pollution and funded construction of sewage treatment plants.

1993: The U.N. General Assembly designated March 22 as World Water Day.

2000: The U.N. thành viên states mix Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for development progress, including a năm ngoái target lớn halve the number of people without sustainable access lớn safe drinking water.

2003: UN-Water was founded as a coordinating platform for sanitation and freshwater access issues.

2005: About 35% of the global population experienced chronic water shortages, up from 9% in 1960.

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2005 lớn 2015: U.N. thành viên states prioritized water and sanitation development during the International Decade for kích hoạt “Water for Life.”

2008: The U.N.-recognized International Year of Sanitation prioritized health and dignity.

2010: The MDGs’ clean water access target was achieved five years ahead of schedule. More kêu ca 2 billion people gained access lớn safe drinking water since 1990. The U.N. General Assembly recognized the right of each person lớn have adequate supplies of water for personal and domestic use that were physically accessible, equitably distributed, safe, and affordable.

2013: The U.N. designated November 19 as World Toilet Day lớn highlight the global issue that billions of people still don’t have access lớn proper sanitation.

2015: About 2.6 billion people have had access lớn clean water in the last 25 years, and about 1.4 billion gained access lớn basic sanitation since 2000. The U.N. thành viên states signed on lớn the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — successors lớn the MDGs, that promise clean water and sanitation for all by 2030.

2018: U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres made a global Call lớn action for WASH in all healthcare facilities, citing their crucial role in disease prevention and reduction. Without basic WASH services, health centers could contribute lớn more infections and preventable deaths for mothers and newborns.

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2020: Globally, about 1.8. billion patients and health workers face a higher risk of COVID-19 infection and other diseases due lớn the lack of basic water and sanitation services at health services, according lớn WHO and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

2023: Up lớn an estimated 3 billion people globally face water shortages. This crisis is mix lớn escalate in the coming decades, particularly in urban areas, without enhanced international cooperation. These findings are from the U.N. World Water Development Report 2023. The report revealed that 2 billion people (26% of the population) lack safe drinking water, while 3.6 billion (46%) lack access lớn safely managed sanitation.